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Early Education Is More Demanding Than Ever, and Experts Have Concerns
In this chapter, the discourse of educational play is considered in terms of its historical origins, the main theoretical changes over time and the ways in which policy versions of play are constructed within curricular CQ Press Your definitive resource for politics, policy and people. Remember me? Back Institutional Login Please choose from an option shown below. Need help logging in?
Click here. Don't have access? View purchasing options. There is much debate within the field on whether or not this subdivision constitutes as care or education.
There are districts all over the country in the midst of battles to acquire funding for full-day preschool programs. If standardized testing is the way of the future, there is only a matter of time before there are kindergarten placement exams. The reason there is such a demand for preschool funding is that these years have become increasingly crucial for academic development.
She believed young children should have an education outside the home, and this idea came over to America around the middle of the 19th century.
TCH - Early Childhood Matters –
The state of Wisconsin was the pioneer in legislation regarding preschool. In , they became the first state in the union to start a school program for four-year-olds. This organization was created to ensure pre-kindergarten aged students a quality education to prepare them for kindergarten and beyond.
This was the precursor to our modern early childhood education system.
The Head Start program came along in and was the tipping point that revolutionized the system. It was originally started by the Department of Health and Human Services as a summer program for disadvantaged youth. Its function was to help students in low-income areas learn the skills necessary to succeed in the upcoming school year. Since then, the Head Start program has expanded into hundreds of cities and expanded their demographic to include children of all ages and income levels.
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With the steady rise of standardized testing at younger and younger ages, the popularity of preschool has exploded. There are dozens of private preschools around the country that are using academically proven methods to help students learn academic and social skills in a way that does not also rob these children of their childhood. Hart and Risley More recent studies in this area have examined the pre-kindergarten achievement gap using nationally representative data using a nationally representative sample of families in the U.
Estimated the math achievement gap between black preschool age children and white preschool age school as two-third of a standard deviation; and the reading achievement gap as just under half a standard deviation.
Yeung and Pfeiffer Findings from these earlier studies showed existence of pre-kindergarten achievement gaps in math and reading between Black children and White children; however, these studies fell short in documenting the exact magnitude of the pre-kindergarten achievement gap in math and reading across different ethnic and racial groups.
Rock and Stenner We do know, however, that multiple risk factors place children at even greater disadvantage Sameroff and Chandler, As some states move forward rapidly, other fall further behind. Oklahoma remains the only state where virtually every child can start school at age 4, but other states are approaching that goal.
In at least eight other states, more then half of 4 year olds attend a public preschool program of some kind. At other end of the spectrum 12 states have no regular state preschool education program. In eight states, less than one in five children are enrolled in a public preschool program at age 4 taking into account preschool special education and head start programs Harrison, C. With the beginning of the 21st century in the world shaped by global competition, preschool education programs play an increasingly vital role in child development and school readiness. Morrow, L. Strategies need to be build upon and move beyond targeting to increase middle-income families who find it difficult to access high quality preschool and pre-k programs.
Policy the nation and its children will not benefit if quality is sacrificed to increase participative rates. Higher standards and added resources for quality are essential components of any effort to increase access to effective preschool education.
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